Plantar fasciitis (fashee-EYE-tiss) is the most widely experienced reason for pain on the lowest part of the heel. Give or take 2 million patients are dealt with for this condition annually. Plantar fasciitis happens when the solid band of tissue that supports the curve of your foot gets to be irritated and/or inflamed.

Anatomy

The plantar fascia happens to be a ligament that lies straightforwardly underneath the skin on the lowest part of your foot, though it is thin and long. This ligament connects the front part of your foot to the heel, in addition to giving your foot’s arch support.

 

Plantar Fasciitis

Cause

The plantar fascia is intended to retain the high level of strain and stress that we put on our feet on a daily basis. However, once in a while, an excessive amount of weight can tear and harm the tissues. Usually, the body’s characteristic reaction to harm is swelling and inflammation, which brings about the characterization of plantar fasciitis’ stiffness and pain in the heel.

Achilles Tendon

Risk Factors

In the vast majority of cases, plantar fasciitis develops without a particular rhyme or reason. That being said, though, there are several possible factors that set the stage for you to be more likely to develop the condition:

  • Your calf muscles might tighten which will make it harder for you to flex your foot.
  • A high foot arch
  • Increased activity, repetitive activity, or even brand new activities.
  • Spurs in your heel
  • Weight Gain

Despite the fact that many people with plantar fasciitis do indeed have heel spurs, spurs are not the sole cause of pain as a result of planter fasciitis. One out of very ten people have heels spurs, however, only one in twenty (or 5%) have some sort of pain in their feet. As a result, the spur is not the cause of plantar fasciitis, the pain can be treated effectively without having to remove the spur.

 

Heel spur

Heel spurs do not cause plantar fasciitis pain.

Symptoms

Plantar Fasciitis has various symptoms. Here are some of the most commonly seen symptoms; though it is smart to be aware that these are not the only symptoms:

  • Pain surrounding your heel area on the bottom of your foot
  • After any certain exercise or activity, you receive a lot of pain
  • If you get pain with your first couple of steps in the morning after you wake up, or if you’ve rested your feet for a period of time. This pain, however, should leave after walking for a couple of minutes.

Treatment

More than 90% of overall patients suffering from plantar fasciitis will show signs of improvement within 10 months using simple treatment methods such as:

Rest: Limiting (or even stopping completely) the activities that you know to worsen your pain is the first step in alleviating pain. It’s possible that any activities that cause stress against your foot against hard surfaces (running, for instances) should be stopped.

Ice: Rolling your foot over a cold bottle of water or ice has been known to be an effective way of pain relief. This can be repeated 3 to 4 times per day.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication: Medications (such as ibuprofen or naproxen, for example) reduce pain and inflammation. However, if you plan on using the aforementioned medication or any like it for one month, it’d be a good idea to consult your primary doctor about it.

Exercise: It’s known that plantar fasciitis can be aggregated by the presence of tight muscles within your feet and your calves. Stretching the feet and calves are probably your best bet at pain relief.

plantar fascia excercise

Calf stretch 

For this stretch you should lean forward with one of your knees straight and your heel on the ground while you’re against a wall. You then place your other leg in front, with your knee bent. To safely and effectively stretch your calf muscles (in addition to the knee cord) you should then push your hip towards the wall slowly, while keeping control, holding the position for 10 seconds before relaxing. Repeat the exercise 20 times for both feet. While you are doing this stretch, you should feel a firm pull in your calf.

Calf stretch

Plantar fascia stretch 

While doing this stretch you should be in a seated position. Your affected foot should be put over your unaffected leg’s knee. Handle the toes of your painful foot and gradually pull them to you in a controlled manner. In the event that it is hard to reach your foot, you could possibly take a towel and wrap it around your big toe so that you can easily pull the rest of the toes towards yourself. Once you have done this, your other hand should be placed along the plantar belt. The fascia ought to feel like a tight band along the lowest part of your foot when extended. Hold the stretch for 10 seconds. Rehash it 20 times for each one foot. This activity should be done before any activity in the morning, even standing or strolling.

Cortisone injections: Cortisone is an anti-inflammatory drug that is akin to steroids. It could be infused into the plantar belt to lessen irritation and pain. Your orthopedic specialist may limit your injections. Numerous steroid infusions can result in the tearing of the plantar fascia, which can prompt a flat foot and severe pain.

Supportive shoes and orthotics: Shoes with thick soles and additional padding can lessen pain that comes along with usual activities such as walking and even standing. When you walk, your heel hits the ground, which creates a lot of strain on the belt, which causes microtrauma (minor tears in the tissue). A padded shoe or addition diminishes this pressure and the microtrauma that happens with each step. Delicate silicone heel cushions are reasonable and work by hoisting and having a padded heel. Orthotics which is also known as shoe supplements, either premade or custom, are additionally useful.

Orthotics or shoe supplements

Night splints: Most individuals have their feet pointed downwards as they sleep. This unwinds the plantar belt and is one of the explanations behind morning heel pain. A night support extends the plantar fascia while you rest. In spite of the fact that it might be hard to rest with, a night prop is extremely powerful and does not need to be utilized once the pain is gone.

orthotics

Physical therapy: Your specialist may recommend a physical therapist for you to work with, especially one that can create an activity program that concentrates on extending your plantar belt as well as your calf muscles. Notwithstanding activities like the ones above, a non-intrusive treatment project may include particular ice medicines, back rub, and medicine to decline irritation around the plantar fascia.

Surgical Treatment

After 12 months of nonsurgical treatment, foot surgery can finally be a consideration.

Gastrocnemius recession: This is a surgical stretching of the calf (gastrocnemius) muscles. Since tight calf muscles spot expanded weight on the plantar fascia, this technique is helpful for patients who still experience issues flexing their feet, regardless of a year of calf stretches. In gastrocnemius subsidence, the calf has one of two muscles extend to expand the movement of the lower leg.

Plantar fascia release: In the event that you have a typical range of ankle movement and proceeded with heel pain, your specialist may suggest a fractional discharge strategy. Amid plantar fascia surgery, the plantar belt ligament is halfway sliced to calm pressure in the tissue. In the event that you have a vast bone spur, it will be removed, too.

Complications

The most commonly experienced complication after surgery is incomplete alleviation of pain and nerve damage.

Recovery

Most patients have great results from plantar fascia surgery. Be that as it may, on the grounds that surgery can bring about severe pain in addition to disappointment, it is it is suggested after all the nonsurgical measures have been taken and depleted.